Hogs may wreak havoc on properties, habitats, and yards in locations where feral hogs have increased in numbers and range in recent years, particularly in Texas.
Barbaric wild descendants of the Spanish-introduced pig stock or escaped domestic pigs are known as feral hogs (sometimes called razorbacks or wild boars). Prevention or hunting and/or relocation are the most common methods of dealing with them.
Despite being theoretically the same animal as farmed pigs, wild hogs have a different temperament from their tame, calmer cousins, making them a dangerous threat.
Reasons to Remove Feral Hogs from Your Property
They aren’t your average Wilburs from Charlotte’s Web; these pigs are ferocious beasts.I adore pigs in general, not just bacon and pork, don’t get me wrong. It was a pleasure to have huge blacks and Gloucestershire Old Spot pigs as part of our modest farm for numerous years.
However, farmed pits and wild pigs are vastly different. Through their instincts of rooting and stomping in search of food, pigs can damage people’s houses and businesses.
The distinction is that domesticated pigs are confined to a certain area, whereas wild pigs roam and devastate property without regard to boundaries.
Wild Pig Behaviour
There is also a big variation in how they view humans. Pigs, as I have already stated, can be vicious. This applies to all pigs, not just wild ones.
The cute fuzzy Kune Kune pigs, on the other hand, can form a close bond with humans, unlike wild pigs. Whether or not they regard you as a human being, how they engage with you will be greatly influenced by their perception of you as a food dispenser.
Some can even be pleasant and bond with you, making them great pets. Wild hogs, on the other hand, are an entirely different matter.
Although they may sense a connection between human presence and food availability, they do not see humans as direct food producers. Razorbacks got their name not only because of the long hairs that grow straight across the spines of some of them but also because of the way they act.
If they perceive a threat, they will respond in kind. They have razor-sharp fangs and tusks that may inflict considerable harm on their prey, not to mention their speed.
Injuries inflicted by feral hogs while foraging.
Pigs are omnivores, which means they eat a wide variety of foods, including meat, vegetables, and even convenience shop snacks that have been sitting around for a while.
According to Texas A&M, a pig can detect odors up to 5-7 miles distant and 25 feet below the surface. That implies that if a pig smells something delicious, it will do all to get its hands on it, no matter the cost.
It is well known that pigs are intelligent and can solve simple problems. Foraging for food in yards and garbage cans is common for bears if they cannot locate it in the forest.
They will destroy or even climb over any barrier that stands in the way of their prize. This can entail destroying gardens, trash cans, fences, and possible fights with dogs and humans.
Damage to the Roots
It’s a fun fact that hogs have nose rings. This nose ring is designed to keep a pig from rooting its head out of the ground.
Pigs use their noses to get to food by digging into the ground and breaking things apart. Rooting is a common method. This is a huge issue for farmers and gardeners.
In contrast to deer, goats, and sheep, pigs prefer to scavenge for food from the ground up. A pig may destroy an entire garden every night, leaving nothing to be salvaged.
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Damage from Trampling
The movement of wild hogs from one source to another can cause significant agricultural harm. According to the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), Feral hogs tend to dwell in groups.
Boars (males) can live alone or in small groups with other boars, while sows (females) prefer to live in large families of six or more. On the other hand, a soldier is a group of families that get together to form a larger group.
Many plants may not be able to recover from the physical trauma of being trampled by dozens of cloven hooves when these family groupings wander across agricultural fields or a garden.
Taking a Bath in Blood
Pigs, unlike humans, are unable to sweat, and panting does not cool them off. Pigs need to develop strategies to stay cool and avoid heatstroke to avoid overheating. In addition to wallowing in mud, they seek shady areas.
Pigs get a bad rap for being filthy, and it’s easy to see why. On the other hand, rolling in dirt is a coping method for avoiding becoming too hot while it’s warm outside.
The water drains off their skin, keeping them colder, and the mud acts as a sunscreen, shielding them from the sun. In regions where mosquitoes are a problem, pigs can benefit from mud’s ability to protect them from the bites.
However, a mud pit may not always be easily accessible. Pigs, being opportunistic creatures, have devised a way of making their own.
They will dig a large, deep hole to keep cool if they can find a water source that can be used to make mud. Their massive snouts and bodies can weigh up to 400 pounds. In making a pig wallow, any vegetation nearby is ripped away, which can cause significant property damage.
Habitat Devastation Due to Feral Hogs
Unlike Javelina cousins, pigs are not indigenous to the Americas and compete directly with many local species for resources.
In eating and destroying their habitats, they impose pressure on smaller creatures that can’t compete with the pigs’ size or appetites. More habitat loss and strain on current native populations are projected since pigs lack natural predators to limit their population from growing exponentially.
How many pigs are there in the world? Pigs may have litters of six or more piglets at a time, unlike Javelina, which can only have two offspring at a time.
In reality, each litter of my pigs had an average of ten piglets. There is a recipe for the infestation in this creature’s capacity to eat nearly anything and adapt to almost any environment, along with its young maturity of roughly six months.
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Ways to Prevent Hog Damage
The best and most cost-effective way to deal with wild hogs is to prevent them from destroying property.
Homeowners and landowners can take a few basic precautions to prevent feral hogs from ruining their property:
- Trash cans should be kept in a fenced-in area for security.
- Don’t leave pet food out overnight if you can help it.
- Secure chained-link fences at least 4 feet high or solid fencing that is at least 5 feet high and anchored to the ground.
- There should be no pipes or valves that could attract thirsty or overheated pigs.
- Keep pigs out of shaded areas of your yard and under your house.
Keep in mind that pigs are incredibly intelligent creatures who will find a way into any food supply they can get their hands on. Keep a close eye on what draws the pigs to your property, and take action to eliminate the temptation from their consciousness (make sure they cannot see or smell what they are looking for).
Goat Hunting in the Wild
Hunting feral hogs are one method that many people use to deal with them. As an invasive species, hogs/pigs are allowed to be hunted throughout the year and in large numbers. Hunting hogs is legal year-round in some jurisdictions, with no bag limits and restrictions on how many you can take home.
However, hog hunting laws vary from state to state and even from county to county. Check out Hogman Outdoors’ website to learn more about your state’s hog hunting regulations.
Check to See if Your Prey Is a Pig
Before attempting to capture one, you should be aware of the differences in appearance between hogs and javelinas, which are a protected species.
Look for the following signs to determine if the animal is a hog:
- Tails. Pigtails have hair at the ends, making them easily recognizable. It is difficult to see Javelina’s stories because they are so short.
- Size. Since Javelinas can only weigh 40-60 lbs., a large animal is almost certainly a hog.
- Lack of a white ‘collar,’ as it were. Javelinas, sometimes known as collared peccaries, have white ‘collars’ around their necks, despite their similar coloring.
- Quantity of children. A pig is identified by the presence of a sow with many piglets. The Javelina normally lays two eggs at a time, but this might vary from year to year.
What You’ll Need for a Wild Hog Hunting Trip
You’ll need the following to go wild hog hunting:
- To go hog hunting, you’ll need the appropriate licenses and permits.
- A weapon powerful enough to kill a medium-sized to a large-sized creature. American Hunter.org offers advice on hog hunting in particular.
- A means of transporting, processing, and storing the animal in a safe environment. Transporting an animal that weighs more than 500 pounds necessitates careful consideration.
- To attract wild hogs to your location, you can use pig bait, which comes in various fragrances.
Can you legally kill a wild hog unless you have a hunting license?
A license may not be required to hunt hogs in some areas if the hogs are ruining your property. Make sure you are aware of the rules and regulations in your area before hunting any kind of animal.
How to Catch Hogs
When it comes to hog trapping, Mississippi State University Extension has some excellent ideas. They recommend prebaiting, which involves luring pigs to the trap area a few times and making them feel at ease before triggering the trap. It is simpler to catch more pigs in one trap if more people are introduced into the trap.
A few weeks of prebaiting may be necessary before the animals overcome their fear of traps. They advise placing the bulk of the bait on the trap’s far side, with the trigger mechanism receiving the smallest quantity.
As a result, more pigs will approach the large pile of bait, preventing the trap from going off until some animal is driven to consume the smaller quantity of bait. Take a peek at some of their other clever traps.
Removal of Hogs Without Using Hunting or Trapping Means
Bring in the pros if you’ve tried all other options and aren’t interested in hunting them down yourself to get rid of hogs in your yard.
Animal control can be called upon to handle wild hogs in many regions. Animal control officers often need access to the animal to take it into custody.
It’s ideal if the animal can be corralled or contained in a safe area until animal control arrives. Many hog extermination businesses can also locate, catch, and eradicate hogs.
What if I don’t want the animal to be hurt in any way?
When an animal is trapped, it can be transported to a new location. When it comes to capturing animals and transporting them, authorities generally have certain rules and guidelines that must be followed.
The length of time you can keep a live animal on your property may also be regulated by local law in some locations. Ensure that you comply with local laws and regulations before bringing a pet into your home.
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Is a Wild Hog an Appropriate Pet?
This is a difficult question to answer. In addition to zoning and other obstacles relating to ‘adopting’ a wild hog, it is difficult because of the steps involved in the process. Re-domestication of an adult pig that has never been domesticated is exceedingly difficult and likely to fail.
If you confine the pig, it will try to break free and see humans as a threat, making it more likely to charge and damage people. Because of this, you may end up with a domesticated piglet.
As long as they don’t have to deal with the peer pressure of other pigs, the piglet has a better chance of developing a trusting relationship with you if you are their exclusive food source. Make cautious to research your local laws before you get emotionally invested in caring for any wild animal.
What to do with Hunted Hogs?
Some states and corporations reward hunters who take down wild hogs with incentives and, in some cases, cash rewards.
In the Market for a Little Piggy
In the same way as traditional pigs, harvested pigs can be processed into pork products, including bacon, roast, sausage, and more. Wild hog meat is often much thinner than farm-raised meat and is regarded delicately by many people.
On the other hand, meat from an older, larger pig may be harder and more flavorful than meat from a younger animal. Alternatively, you can sell your animal to a local meat processing facility, either processing it for you or buying it from you.
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Make a Decision Now
Now is the moment to take action if wild hogs are pecking at your yard. Prevent pigs from entering your yard by taking the necessary precautions, and if that fails, make sure that your property and family are protected from a catastrophic hog encounter.